Assessment and optimization of MAR system governance
Guaranteeing good local governance of MAR is crucial. MAR governance can be framed as an example of co-production, a form of public service provision through regular, long-term relationships between state agencies and organized groups of citizens. Research suggests that successful co-production arrangements depend on (i) citizens having the capacity to overcome collective action dilemmas, (ii) state agencies having the capacity to implement service delivery schemes, and (iii) all actors having the means and incentives to engage in meaningful interaction. It remains largely unknown what determines (i) collective action potential at the user group level, and (ii) form and extent of interaction between service providers and local water users.
Furthermore, the regional dissemination of MAR cannot be taken for granted. Literature suggests success of innovation diffusion may depend on the match between structural elements (actors, institutions, interactions, and infrastructure) and functional elements (entrepreneurial activities, knowledge development, knowledge dissemination, guidance for the search, market formation, resource mobilization, and the creation of legitimacy). The specifics of technological innovation systems (TIS) in a developing-country context remain understudied.